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ROSEVILLE POTTERY 1906- 1954 Part II


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Vol. 2 Issue 8



In 1917, Frank Ferrel became the Roseville artistic director. He continued until 1954. He created one of the most popular lines, "Pinecone", which consisted of over 70 individual pieces. Green was the most common color, but brown and blue was used also. There were many floral lines which were also very popular. Some of them were: Dogwood, Iris, Sunflower, Wisteria, Peony, Apple Blossom, Clematis, Bleeding Heart, and Blackberry. Roseville also produced a variety of other pieces, some of which were bowls, vases, wall pockets, jardinieres and stands, candlesticks, ewers, and bookends. During the height of production, Roseville's prices were very affordable to the middle class buyer.

In 1954, Roseville Pottery was sold to New England Ceramics and then to Franklin Potteries, but before the year ended, Roseville Pottery production was ended.


MARKS

When the artline was added to the commercial wares, after 1900, a identification system using a number code was introduced. A series of numbers indicated the particular type of ware and each number in sequence within that series indicated the shape. This was discontinued in 1910 and reestablished in the early thirties. In addition to the number system was the cast mark along with the shape number and size to the nearest inch. In 1918, the "Roseville, U.S.A." mark was first used. Between 1916 and 1946 shape numbers were according to the shape family and were in numerical order. In 1947 a new system was started, but was discontinued after about a year. The system involved having the first digit the shape number identified the line: "Wincraft" shape numbers were "2"; Apple Blossom,"3"; Pine Cone Modern, "4"; Ming Tree,"5"; Gardenia, "6"; Silhouette, "7"; Bittersweet,"8"; and Mock Orange, "9".

In the mid-late period of Roseville the following is the numbering system of Roseville pieces:

100's and 200's - Cornucopia or Double Bud Vases
300's-Bowls & Plates
400's - Jardinieres
500's - Pedestals
600's - Cuspidors
700's - Umbrella Stands
800's & 900's - Ewers & Vases
1100's - Candle Holders
1200's - Wall Pockets
1300's - Pitchers
7000's & 7500's - Lamps

In 1954, lines that were introduced before the factory closed were sometimes assigned sequence of shape numbers.

Of the unmarked pieces found today, some were never marked, others were marked with a paper label.

There are many Roseville reproductions on the market, so when buying, buy from a reputable antique dealer with a guarantee of its authenticity. One of the ways to determine whether it is a reproduction Roseville piece is check the glaze. On many reproductions the glaze is dull and has less defined features than the "real" Roseville. Also, the shapes and sizes usually vary from the originals. Marks are no guarantee of authenticity, but some say many reproductions are only marked "Roseville" on the bottom and is missing "U.S.A.". That is not an accurate way of determining the authenticity of Roseville Pottery. Roseville did use the "Roseville" mark without the "U.S.A." from about 1931-1937.

Do not confuse the early RPCo mark with the R P C O mark used early at the Rookwood Pottery. RRPCO is not Roseville Pottery, it is another pottery company from Roseville, Ohio; Robinson-Ransbottom Pottery.


For more information on the history of Roseville Pottery examples of marks, and colors, click Here.

For some examples of Roseville Pottery, click Here and Here.


LINES OF THE LATER YEARS

The following is only a very small example of the many "later year" lines of Roseville.

Fudji, Rozane-1906 - Bisque backgrounds in tones of grey or beige, decorated in intricate patterns.

Chloron-1907 - Solid matte green glaze, modeled after the Roman and Greek pottery artifacts.

Blueware-1910 - Decorated in shades of medium to dark blue. There is some controversy as to the legitimacy of it being a true Roseville piece.

Landscape-1910 - Creamware decorated with decals of windmills and sailing boats in blue or brown.

Carnelian I-1910-1915 - Ornate handles are typical of this line. There are two types of glazes; A smooth matte glaze with a drip glaze in a darker shade(colors are light with medium blue, aqua blue with turquoise, pink with blue, green with antique gold). The other glaze is a heavy and textured rose, black, purple, and yellow glazes intermingled with some running.

Carnelian II-1915 - Intermingled color, some shapes have a drip glaze.

Holly-pre1916 - Creamware with a decal of holly leaves and red berries with narrow piping on rim.

Rosecraft-1916-1919 - Simple shapes in glossy glazes in colors of yellow, dark and light blue, and rose.

Rosecraft Hexagon-1924 - Shapes are six-sided, a medallion design with a long, slender leaf extended downward. Colors are: dark green, brown with orange, and blue.

Dogwood II-1928 - Smooth green background with white dogwood blossoms on black branches.

Florane-1920's - Matte glaze of carmel tan to a very dark brown on simple shapes. May be from the Rosecraft line.

Garden Pottery-1931 - Stoneware, pots, jardinieres, and birdbaths with embossed decorations.

Morning Glory-1935 - Blossoms and twining vines in white or green with blue.

Baneda-1933 - Decorative band of leaves, pods, and blossoms on backgrounds of red, green, and blue(rare).

Bleeding Heart-1938 - Pink blossoms and green foliage on backgrounds of pink or blue.

Sunflower-1930 - Yellow sunflowers on tall stems. Textured backgrounds of tan to dark green.

Gardenia-1940's - White gardenia, green leaves on textured, backgrounds of Seafoam, Golden Tan, and Silver Haze Grey.

Magnolia-1940 - Magnolia blossoms on black stem with backgrounds of blue, green, and tan.

Snowberry-1946 - Small white berries on a brown branch with green leaves embossed over a spiderweb design. Background is in various colors; blue, green, and rose.

Water Lily-1940's - Water lily and pad in many color combinations; tan to brown with yellow lily; blue with white lily; pink to green with pink lily.

Clematis-1944 - Clematis blooms on backgrounds of Autumn Brown, blue, or Forest Green.

Columbine-1940 - Floral and leaf arrangement on backgrounds of tan, blue, or pink.

Lotus-1952 - Pointed spires of leaves. It has a high gloss glaze with combinations of maroon with beige; brown with beige; and turquoise with beige.

Raymore-1952 - Oven serve dinnerware with modern design in colors of tan, ivory, grey, dark green, black and medium green.

Silhouette-1952 - Silhouettes of nature or nude female figures. Colors are: rose, turquoise, tan, and white with turquoise.

Burmese-1950's - Oriental faces on wall plaques, bookends, candleholders, and bowls in colors of green, black, and white.

To view more of the extensive patterns by Roseville Click Here

REFERENCES:

Official Price Guide to Pottery and Porcelain - 8th Ed. - Harvey Duke

The Collectors Encyclopedia of Roseville Pottery - Sharon and Bob Huxford - First Series

The Collectors Encyclopedia of Roseville Pottery - Sharon and Bob Huxford - Second Series

Crown Point Antiques

Ohio River Pottery


The next Nancy's Antiques & Collectibles Newsletter will feature Enesco's popular collectible "Precious Moments".


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